Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan (27 December 1797–15 February 1869) had two pen names Ghalib (dominant) and Asad (lion). He was a classical Urdu and Persian poet. Mirza Ghalib wrote ghazals in Urdu. He is one of the most popular and influential poets of the Urdu language. His father Mirza Abdullah Baig Khan died in a battle in 1803 in Alwar. Mirza Ghalib was raised by his Uncle Mirza Nasrullah Baig Khan. He was married at age 13 to Umrao Begum, daughter of Nawab Ilahi Bakhsh. None of his seven children survived beyond infancy. The idea that life is one continuous painful struggle which can end only when life itself ends, is a recurring theme in his poetry. Mirza Ghalib was appointed as poet tutor of Bahadur Shah Zafar in 1854. Mirza Ghalib was a very liberal mystic who believed that the search for God within liberated the seeker from the Orthodox Islam. His Sufi views and mysticism is greatly reflected in his poems and ghazals. Mirza Ghalib's closest rival was poet Zauq. There was mutual respect for each other's talent. Both also admired and acknowledged the supremacy of Meer Taqi Meer. Momin and Dagh were also famous contemporaries of Mirza Ghalib.
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