Nazim Hikmet Ran (January 15, 1902–June 3, 1963) was born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire present-day Thessaloniki and died in Moscow (USSR), is commonly known as Nazim Hikmet. He was a Turkish poet, playwright, novelist and memoirist. He was acclaimed for the "lyrical flow of his statements". He is also described as a "romantic communist" and "romantic revolutionary". He was repeatedly arrested for his political beliefs and spent much of his adult life in prison or in exile. His poetry has been translated into many languages. Although the Turkish state persecuted him yet he was always revered by the Turkish nation. His poems depicting the people of the countryside, villages, towns and cities of his homeland are considered among the greatest patriotic literary works in Turkey.
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