Bahadur Shah Zafar (October 1775-7 November 1862) was the last Mughal Emperor of India. He became emperor on 28 September 1837 after his father’s death. His empire did not extend beyond Red Fort. He wrote many Urdu ghazals. His ghazals were compiled into the Kulliyyat-i-Zafar. His so called court included Ghalib, Dagh, Momin and Zauq. Bahadur Shah Zafar was a devout Sufi. He believed that Hindus and Muslims are equal. Bahadur Shah Zafar took part in the Revolt of 1857. He was imprisoned and sent to Rangoon (Yangon) in Burma (Myanamar) by the British. It is said that he was denied paper and pen in captivity. Bahadur Shah Zafar wrote the famous ghazal ‘Lagta nahin hai ji (dil) mera ujre dayar mein’ on the walls of his room with a burnt stick.
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