Sarmad The Sufi Poet is also known as Muhammad Sa'id or Sarmad Kashani. He was a Persian mystic, poet and saint who came to India during the 17th century. He was of Jewish or Armenian origin. He arrived during Mughal Period from a Persian-speaking Armenian merchant family. He renounced his religion and adopted Islam. He wrote beautiful religious poetry in the form of quatrains (Rubaiyat) in Persian. He had an excellent command of Persian. He was close to Dara Shikoh the eldest son of Shah Jehan. But the Emperor Aurangzeb beheaded him in 1661 for his so called anti Islamic poetry and views.
Rabindranath Tagore ( 7May 1861 – 7 August 1941) who is also known as Gurudev was a Bengali author, musician, painter and thinker. His famous works are Gitanjali, Sonar Tari, Gora, Visarjan, Ghare Baire, Jivansmriti etc. He became the first non-European Nobel laureate by earning the 1913 Prize in Literature. We are presenting his Gitanjali translated by Ajaib Chitarkar (a poet and an artist) in Punjabi.
Chinnaswami Subramanya Bharathi (December 11, 1882 – September 11, 1921) was a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, freedom fighter and social reformer from Tamil Nadu, India. He is popularly known as Mahakavi Bharathiyar. He is considered to be a pioneer of modern Tamil poetry. He studied in Tinnevely and worked as a journalist with many newspapers, notable among them being the Swadesamitran and India. Most of his works were on patriotic, religious, political and social themes.
Rasool Hamzatov/Rasul Gamzatov (8 September 1923 – 3 November 2003) was born in the Avar village of Tsada in the north-east Caucasus. His father, Gamzat Tsadasa, was a well-known bard, heir to the ancient tradition of minstrelsy still thriving in the mountains. Rasool Hamzatov is among the best known poets of Avar language. His poem ‘Zhuravli’ became a well known Soviet song. He was awarded The State Stalin Prize in 1952, The Lenin Prize in 1963 and Laureate Of The International Botev Prize in 1981. Punjabis know him through his book ‘Mera Dagistan’.
Nazim Hikmet Ran (January 15, 1902–June 3, 1963) was born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire present-day Thessaloniki and died in Moscow (USSR), is commonly known as Nazim Hikmet. He was a Turkish poet, playwright, novelist and memoirist. He was acclaimed for the "lyrical flow of his statements". He is also described as a "romantic communist" and "romantic revolutionary". He was repeatedly arrested for his political beliefs and spent much of his adult life in prison or in exile. His poetry has been translated into many languages. Although the Turkish state persecuted him yet he was always revered by the Turkish nation. His poems depicting the people of the countryside, villages, towns and cities of his homeland are considered among the greatest patriotic literary works in Turkey.